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DONT PANIC Hans Rosling showing the facts about population
We live in a world of relentless change. Huge migrations of people to new mega cities filling soaring skyscrapers and vast slums. Ravenous appetites for fuel and food, unpredictable climate change and all this in a world where the population is still growing. Should we be worriedé
Should we be scaredé How to make sense of it allé 7 billion people now live on this planet of oursâ€¦ isn't it beautifulé But when some people think about the world and its future, they panic! Others prefer not to think about it all. But tonight I'm going to show you how things really are. My name is Hans Rosling, I'm a statistician thatâ€¦. NO, NO, NO, NOâ€¦ don't switch off!
Because with the latest data from all countries I'm going to show you the world in a new way. I'm going to tell you how world population is changing and what today's data tell us about how the future of the world will be. We undeniably face huge challenges but the good news is that the future may not be quite as gloomy and that mankind is already doing better than many of you think! Don't Panic! The Truth About Population
with professor Hans Rosling Babies. each one a blessing. But many people think population growth is out of control. Some even talk of a population bomb! Are they righté So where are we with population todayé And how did we get hereé I am going to tell you a history about everyone who ever lived.
Well, at least during the last 1000 years Here we go. I give you 2 axes. This is time in years and this one here is world population in billions. In the year 10,000 BC, when the first people where becoming farmers, then the archeologists estimate that the world population was only 10 million. Imagine: 10 million! That's is like Sweden today! A world of only Swedes!
But then, as the millennia passed by, more farmers, food and peopleâ€¦. and great empires could emerge. Egypt, China, Indiaâ€¦ and finally Europe! And population continued to grow, but very slowly. And I stop here, at the year 1800. Because it was in 1800 that the world population became 1 billion. Imagineâ€¦ All that time, the population growth was just a tiny fraction of a percent, through thousand of years. But on 1800, with the industrial revolution, everything changed and population started to grow faster. In little more than 100 years, it reached 2 billions.
World Poverty Can We End Poverty Overnight Learn Liberty
Americans make up around 4% ofthe world's population, and yet they control over 25%of the world's wealth. If that wealth were sharedevenly across the globe, couldn't we solve the problemof global poverty overnighté The answer, unfortunately, is no. Sharing one's one's wealth withthose who have less is admirable, and it often helps torelieve immediate suffering. But just sharing existingwealth will never be enough
to lift billions of people outof poverty in a sustainable way. To understand why,we need to look at history. This chart shows how world GDP per capita has changed from the earliestrecorded history until today. In other words, it's a shorthand way of seeing the wealthof the average human being over time. There are two things wecan learn from this chart. The first is that the extreme poverty wesee today is not just a modern affliction.
For the vast majority of peoplethroughout most of human history, extreme poverty has been all they've ever knownand all their children would ever know. The second thing is that, starting around1800, that suddenly began to change. We're living longer, healthier lives andseeing fewer of our children die. On average, we're better educated,more literate, and better fed. Transportation is faster,safer, and cheaper. And, in many ways, it's been the poorest among us who havebenefited the most from these changes.
What's made life so remarkably better forthe poor wasn't welfare or charity. No matter how you redistributed it, all the wealth in the world in 1800wouldn't be anywhere near enough to give us the standard of living weenjoy in developed countries today. What happened was the the creationof new wealth on an enormous scale. In other words, economic growth. That's why we're living betterlives than our ancestors today. And that's why the number of peopleliving in absolute poverty has plummeted,
not just in the last 200 years,but in the last 20. In a way, economic growth has been history'smost successful antipoverty program. But not all countries have experiencedthis amazing level of growth, which is why many people are stilltrapped in poverty today. So if we really wannahelp the world's poor, fostering economic growth oughtto be our first priority. What new policies might help to growthe wealth of developing countries more
quicklyé And which existing policiesare actually hindering that growthé Those are the questions we need to answer. MUSIC.