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11 Ways The World Could End
Since the 1500s, there have been more than150 documented predictions of when the world is going to end. Luckily for us, none of themhave come trueâ€¦yet. However, you'll be surprised that not allof them are destructive. Here are some terrifyingly amazing ways theworld, genuinely could end. When you think of scientists working on superviruses, you probably picture Hazmat workers, deep in a mountain bunker, studying vats fullof insidious green liquid. But these labs do actually exist! Maybe notworking for some shady Bondstyle villain looking to ransom the world away to the highestbidder, but for pharmaceutical companies and
government agencies studying ways to curedangerous pathogens. But what happens when a vial full of an extremely dangerous virusbreaks out of containment, or is misplacedé Over the years, there have been numerous documentedcases of dangerous viruses escaping from laboratories around the world. One of these happened asrecently as 2009. A group of scientists based in Europe, workingwith Baxter Pharmaceuticals, were conducting lab tests on a seasonal flu strain.Without realizing it, Baxter had sent them live supplies of the H5N1 virus, better knownas â€œbird flu,â€� which has a mortality rate higher than 60%. One of the world's deadliestviruses was handled and distributed to three
other labs without any pathogen safety protocolsin place. The grave error was only realized when onelab worker in the Czech Republic inoculated a group of ferrets with samples of the â€œseasonfluâ€� batch, and was horrified when they all died.The scientists were immediately placed under quarantine and monitored for signs of thedeadly virus. Luckily, none of them were infected and all the scientists were freed with a cleanbill of health. Two years later, these same strains of avianand human flu were combined in a laboratory, successfully creating â€œthe most dangerousvirus in history.â€� The virus was highly
pathogenic, while retaining its dangerouslyhigh fatality rate. If it got loose, it could kill 60% of the world's population in afreakishly short amount of time â€“ a truly apocalyptic notion.Some say it's only a matter of time before this kind of virus escapes containment andwreaks havoc on mankind. After going through two world wars, you wouldthink that the world would have learned to get along by now. But unfortunately for thesurvival of humanity, we are constantly under threat of triggering the final war â€“ NuclearArmageddon. Mutually Assured Destruction, like its acronymsuggests, is one of the maddest doctrines
ever devised. It ensures that if a countrywere to ever use a nuclear weapon on another state with the same capability, both sideswould unleash their entire nuclear arsenal, bringing about the complete annihilation ofboth countries. With the resulting nuclear winter, and the likely participation of othercountries in the exchange, this would almost certainly lead to destruction and death onan apocalyptic scale. There are over 15,000 nuclear warheads inthe world, with more than 4000 ready to fire at any one time. That would make one hellof a firework show, but probably not one you'd want to be around to watch.There have been a few â€œclose callsâ€� since
we first developed nuclear weapons. A surprisingnumber of these were technical glitches that nearly started World War 3, on both sidesof the Cold War. The average yield of a modern nuclear weaponis around 500 kilotons of TNT, that's 25 times more powerful than the bomb droppedon Nagasaki. Each one of these 500 kiloton bombs are powerful enough to flatten hugeparts of a large modern city such as New York, or London.And there exists some truly unimaginably powerful weapons, like the Tsar Bomba, which had ayield of more than 50 megatonnes. That's two and a half THOUSAND times more powerfulthan the one dropped on Nagasaki. Thankfully
What If The Earth Stopped Spinning
Hey, Vsauce. Michael here. The Earth is spinning and we are spinning along withit. But what if the Earth suddenly stopped spinningé Well, first of all, you would gain weight. But that would be the least of your worries. The spin of our planet is important and literally giving you the time of your life. At the equator, the surface of Earth, and everything on it, is spinning around at465 meters per second.
As you move closer to the poles youdon't have to move as quickly to complete Earths daily rotation. Here in San Francisco, the Earth is driving me east at 368 meters per second. If I could float above the surface independent of the Earth's rotation, theEarth would spin underneath me this quickly. Pretty cool. But, of course,when I jump straight up into the air, the Earth doesn't move underneath mebecause I continued to spin with it. We are all spinning with the Earth andthat is why slamming on a set of magical planetary breaks that causedeverything
classically called earth to stopspinning would be catastrophic. Immediately everything that wasn't Earth, and wasn't safely at the poles,would continue moving, as it had been, and be flung due east at more than athousand miles an hour. You wouldn't be flung into space becauseescape velocity is 24,800 mph but your body would instantly become a 9.5 inch caliber bullet. Well, really more of a supersonic tumbleweed.
Because the atmosphere would moregradually slow down, people in airplanes, assuming they could navigate theresulting storms, might have a better chance of surviving. Astronauts aboard the ISS would fare even better. But it is unlikely that anyone would be waiting for them down on the ground. Runways would just be entrances to the new planetsized graveyard, created by the no longer spinning Earth.
People really really near the polesmight be okay but only at first. Gusts of wind, as fast asthose near an atomic bomb detonation, would blast, pass the surface and up into thesky forming worldwide storms of unprecedented magnitude. The friction alone, caused by the now stopped Earth collidingwith these winds, would be enough to cause massive fires, unparalleled erosion and damage toanything strong enough to stay put after the initial braking. The Sun wouldseem to freeze in the sky as days
became not 24 hours long but 365 days long. Without spinning innards, Earth'sprotective magnetic field would cease to exist and we would be dosed with deadlyamounts of ionising radiation from the Sun. The oceans would surge onto land intsunamis kilometers high and wash over nearly all dry land, before migrating to the poles, where gravity is stronger, no longer held tothe ocean basins by the inertia Earth's spin gave them, until Earth itself, no longer bulging an extra 42kilometers around its equator, because