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Globalization II Good or Bad Crash Course World History 42
Hi, I'm John Green and this is the finalepisode of Crash Course: World History, not because we've reached the end of historybut because we've reached the particular middle where I happen to be living. Todaywe'll be considering whether globalization is a good thing, and along the way we'lltry to do something that you may not be used to doing in history classes: imagining thefuture. Past John: Mr. Green, Mr. Green! In the future,I'm gonna get to second base with Molly Brown. Present John: No you won't, Me from thePast, but the fact that when asked to imagine THE future, you imagine YOUR future says alot about the contemporary world. And listen,
Me From the Past, while there's no questionthat your solipsistic individualism is bad both for you and for our species, the broader implications of individualism in general are a lot more complex. Theme Music Man, I'm gonna miss you, Intro. So last week (tada) we discussed how globaleconomic interdependence has led, on average, to longer, healthier, more prosperous livesfor humansnot to mention an astonishing change in the overall human population. Inthe West, globalization has also led to the rise of a service economy. In the US and Europe,most people now work not in agriculture or
manufacturing but in some kind of servicesector: healthcare, retail, education, entertainment, information technology, Internet tutorials aboutworld history, etc. And that switch has really changed our psychology, especially the psychologyof upper classes living in the industrialized world. I mean, to quote Fredric Jameson, â€œwe are.sofar removed from the realities of production and work that we inhabit a dream world ofartificial stimuli and televised experience.â€� Think of it this way: if you had to kill achicken every time you visited KFC, you would probably eat fewer chickens. Another changeof psychology: many historiansofthenow note that globalization has also led to acelebration of individualism, particularly
in the wake of the failures of the Marxistcollectivist utopias. The generation that lived through the Depressionand World War II saw largescale collectivist responses to both those crises. And they wereresponses that limited freedom. Like, the military draft, for instance, which limitedyour freedom, you know, not to be a soldier. Or the collectivization of health insuranceseen in most of the postwar West, which limited your freedom to go bankrupt from health carecosts. Or also government programs like social security, which limit your freedom not topay for old people's retirement. But since the 1960s, the ascendant idea ofpersonal freedom minimally limited by government
intervention has become very powerful. Eventhe Catholic church was part of this new search for individual freedom, as the Second VaticanCouncil relaxed church rules in ways that weakened central authority, made concessionsto individual styles of worship, even said that people of different religions could goto heaven. What good is heaven if it's gonna be full of Protestantsé It's just gonnabe like Minnesota. So here in the last episode of Crash CourseWorld History, in the last thirty seconds, I have offended, uh, 56ths of the world'spopulation in the form of nonCatholics and, uh, all Republicans, and probably some politicalmoderates. Who are confused about what Obama's
healthcare law will and will not do. Stan,maybe I should just make this episode just an extended rant where I reveal all of mypolitical biases. And also my personal biases. Look, you're never gonna meet a historianwho doesn't have biases. But good historians try to acknowledge their biases and I am biasedtoward Canada and its awesome healthcare system. I can't lie. I'm very jealous of you guys. But perhaps the greatest effect of the victoryof individualism was on sex and the family. We haven't talked much about sex becausemy brother's teaching Biology, which is basically just sex, but sex is pretty importanthistorically because it's how we keep happening.
Ken Follett 2010 National Book Festival
gt;gt; From the Library ofCongress in Washington DC. gt;gt; I'm Patrick Anderson. I review fiction for theWashington Post and all of us at the Post are verythank you, thank you. Laughter Applause gt;gt; I trust that's forthe Post and not for me. All of us at the Post are very,very proud to be associated
with this wonderful event andwe're very grateful to all of you for making it such asuccess for 10 years now. It's now my pleasure tointroduce a master story teller who for 30 years has been one of the world's bestsellingauthors, Ken Follett. Mr. Follett has had an extraordinarylife and I can only touch on a few highlights briefly. He was born in Cardiff, Walesand a son of a tax inspector.
He was educated at state schoolsand University College London. In his 20s, he first worked asa newspaper reporter and then as an editor for a publishing house. He was also writing in hisspare of time and in 1979, his novel Eye of the Needlebecame a worldwide success but please note this. Eye of the Needle wasn'tMr. Follett's first book. It was his 11th book andhe was still in his 20s.
This is a very determined man. Laughter That initial successhas been followed by 30 years by for 30 years by a whirlwind ofinternational bestsellers, movies, mini series, prizes, and acclaim. A partial list of his novelswould include the Key to Rebecca, The Man from St. Petersburg,Lie Down with Lions, On the Wings of Eagles,The Pillars of the Earth, and its sequel World Without End.
Moreover, Mr. Follett has alife away from his computer. He plays guitar in a group calledDamn Right I Got the Blues. Laughter gt;gt; Chicago Blues aretheir specialty. And he and his wife who was amember of parliament have been long been active in England'sLabour Party as well as in civic, educational, and charitableactivities. His new novel, Fall of Giants,is the first volume of a trilogy
that will carry fivefamilies through many of the great eventsof the 20th Century. It will be officially published nextTuesday although I suspect a number of you already have copies and in14 countries it will be officially published next Tuesday. And we're very fortunate to havehim here today to discuss it. Let's welcome Ken Follett. Applause