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Travel Tips And Advice

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London 2012 Key Facts

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11 Ways The World Could End

Since the 1500s, there have been more than150 documented predictions of when the world is going to end. Luckily for us, none of themhave come true…yet. However, you'll be surprised that not allof them are destructive. Here are some terrifyingly amazing ways theworld, genuinely could end. When you think of scientists working on superviruses, you probably picture Hazmat workers, deep in a mountain bunker, studying vats fullof insidious green liquid. But these labs do actually exist! Maybe notworking for some shady Bondstyle villain looking to ransom the world away to the highestbidder, but for pharmaceutical companies and

government agencies studying ways to curedangerous pathogens. But what happens when a vial full of an extremely dangerous virusbreaks out of containment, or is misplacedé Over the years, there have been numerous documentedcases of dangerous viruses escaping from laboratories around the world. One of these happened asrecently as 2009. A group of scientists based in Europe, workingwith Baxter Pharmaceuticals, were conducting lab tests on a seasonal flu strain.Without realizing it, Baxter had sent them live supplies of the H5N1 virus, better knownas “bird flu,â€� which has a mortality rate higher than 60%. One of the world's deadliestviruses was handled and distributed to three

other labs without any pathogen safety protocolsin place. The grave error was only realized when onelab worker in the Czech Republic inoculated a group of ferrets with samples of the “seasonflu� batch, and was horrified when they all died.The scientists were immediately placed under quarantine and monitored for signs of thedeadly virus. Luckily, none of them were infected and all the scientists were freed with a cleanbill of health. Two years later, these same strains of avianand human flu were combined in a laboratory, successfully creating “the most dangerousvirus in history.� The virus was highly

pathogenic, while retaining its dangerouslyhigh fatality rate. If it got loose, it could kill 60% of the world's population in afreakishly short amount of time – a truly apocalyptic notion.Some say it's only a matter of time before this kind of virus escapes containment andwreaks havoc on mankind. After going through two world wars, you wouldthink that the world would have learned to get along by now. But unfortunately for thesurvival of humanity, we are constantly under threat of triggering the final war – NuclearArmageddon. Mutually Assured Destruction, like its acronymsuggests, is one of the maddest doctrines

ever devised. It ensures that if a countrywere to ever use a nuclear weapon on another state with the same capability, both sideswould unleash their entire nuclear arsenal, bringing about the complete annihilation ofboth countries. With the resulting nuclear winter, and the likely participation of othercountries in the exchange, this would almost certainly lead to destruction and death onan apocalyptic scale. There are over 15,000 nuclear warheads inthe world, with more than 4000 ready to fire at any one time. That would make one hellof a firework show, but probably not one you'd want to be around to watch.There have been a few “close calls� since

we first developed nuclear weapons. A surprisingnumber of these were technical glitches that nearly started World War 3, on both sidesof the Cold War. The average yield of a modern nuclear weaponis around 500 kilotons of TNT, that's 25 times more powerful than the bomb droppedon Nagasaki. Each one of these 500 kiloton bombs are powerful enough to flatten hugeparts of a large modern city such as New York, or London.And there exists some truly unimaginably powerful weapons, like the Tsar Bomba, which had ayield of more than 50 megatonnes. That's two and a half THOUSAND times more powerfulthan the one dropped on Nagasaki. Thankfully

How Much are Olympic Gold Medals Worth

How Much are Olympic Gold medals Worthé As far as the value of the raw materials inthem, this varies from Olympiad to Olympiad. For the recent 2012 Olympics in London, themedals were the largest of any in Summer Olympic history up to that point, weighing in at 400gfor the gold medal. Of this 400g, '4g was sterling silver (364.45gsilver 29.55g copper) with 6g of 24 karat gold plating. At the price of gold and silver when thesemedals were won by various Olympians, this means a gold medal in the London Olympicswas worth about $624, with $304 of the value

coming from the gold plating and about $320coming from the sterling silver. Since then, the price of gold has droppedabout 18% and the price of silver has dropped about '%. How Much are Olympic Gold medals Worthé As far as the value of the raw materials inthem, this varies from Olympiad to Olympiad. For the recent 2012 Olympics in London, themedals were the largest of any in Summer Olympic history up to that point, weighing in at 400gfor the gold medal. Of this 400g, '4g was sterling silver (364.45g silver 29.55g copper)with 6g of 24 karat gold plating. At the price

of gold and silver when these medals werewon by various Olympians, this means a gold medal in the London Olympics was worth about$624, with $304 of the value coming from the gold plating and about $320 coming from thesterling silver. Since then, the price of gold has dropped about 18% and the price ofsilver has dropped about '%. For the current 2016 Rio Olympics, the goldmedals are oneupping the London Games, weighing in at a a half a kilogram, with about 462gof it silver, 6g gold, and the rest copper. So by current gold and silver prices as ofJuly 13, 2016, these medals are worth about $561 total, with approximately $301 of thevalue from silver and $260 from gold. So,

despite being 15 more massive than the LondonGames Olympics medals, and having the same amount of gold and much more silver, due tothe significant drop in gold and silver prices since 2012, the Rio gold medals are worthless at their awarding than the London Games medals were worth when they were awarded. Of course, athletes can often get much morethan this selling the medals on the open market, particularly for momentous medals, like the“Miracle on Ice� 1980 men's U.S. hockey team gold medal. Mark Wells, a member of thatteam, auctioned his medal off in 2012 and received $310,700 for it, which he neededto help pay for medical treatment.

Most auctioned medals don't go for nearlythis much, though. For instance, Anthony Ervin's 50 meter freestyle gold medal won in 2000,even with all proceeds going to the victims of the Indian Ocean tsunami, only sold for$17,100. John Konrads' 1500 meter freestyle gold medal won in 1960 only sold for $11,250in 2011. This is a great return in terms of what the raw value of the materials are worth,but certainly nowhere close to Mark Wells' medal. Gold medals in the Olympics weren't alwaysmade mostly of silver. Before the 1912 Olympics, they were made of solid gold. However, theytended to be much smaller than modern medals.

For instance, the 1900 Paris gold medals wereonly 3.2 mm thick, with a 59 mm diameter, weighing just 53g. For perspective, the London2012 medals were 7 mm thick, with a diameter of 85 mm and, as mentioned, weighed 400g.The 1900 Paris gold medals at today's value of gold are worth about $2300. For the 1912games in Stockholm, the last year the gold medals were made of solid gold, the valueof the gold medals at current prices of gold would be around $870. If the current 2016 Olympic gold medals weremade out of solid gold, they'd be worth about $21,625 each. This may seem feasible,considering how much money the Olympics brings

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